“What kind of privacy safeguards are needed if a machine can read your thoughts?
Will cognition enhancers exacerbate differences between rich and poor?
Or, instead, will they relegate social diversity to the status of historical artifact?
What happens if we deduce through neuroimagingthe physiological basis for morality?
Or, and by the way, what happens to free will?”
Scientific American (Editorial), September 2003
Invasive research on humans could involve inhuman or degrading procedures.
Invasive research on humans could lead to new torture or inhumane punishment techniques.